Defeat is an Orphan: How Pakistan Lost the Great South Asian War

I recently concluded reading the book titled:

Defeat is an Orphan: How Pakistan Lost the Great South Asian War.

It is a succinct summery of Pakistan and it’s activities including it’s obsession with India. Written from a western perspective, it is particularly interesting as it eschews the wars before 1998 and starts with Kandahar hijacking. It has details of myths created by Pakistan around it’s various misadventures. A must read for any one interested in the subject. Generally concluding Para is a mystery in a fiction but in a non-fiction; it can entice interest. One may read the book as to how the author, namely Myra Macdonald, reached to following conclusion:

India had come a long way from the lonely humiliation of the Kathmandu to Kandahar hijacking in 1999 to the public announcement of cross-LoC raids into Pakistan-held territory in 2016. The cross-LoC raids were a tactical rather than strategic success, since the old rules stood. Pakistan was unlikely to abandon its strategy of supporting some jihadis while fighting others—the ideology of confrontation with India had become too deeply embedded to be uprooted. Nor had India escaped the requirements of “strategic restraint”. Beyond skirmishes on the LoC, more significant Indian military action still faced the risk of escalation into a nuclear exchange. Inside the Kashmir Valley, India still needed to find the political means of addressing Kashmiri resentment. In the event of further attacks from Pakistan, moreover, India’s options for further unpredictable retaliation remained limited. If it had international support for its cross-LoC raids, it was precisely because Indian responses to attacks by jihadis from Pakistan had been so carefully controlled since 1998, thanks to Prime Minister Modi’s predecessors. It could not continue seeking ever more forceful retaliation without putting that at risk. Nor could it rely on international impatience with Pakistan—it was too useful a country for China and too worrying for the United States to abandon. Pakistan’s defeat in the Great South Asian War contained a warning for India too. Pakistan had been brought low by hubris, a chauvinist nationalism and an unhealthy obsession with its neighbour. As it emerged as the far stronger power, India needed to be wary of succumbing to similar sentiments, lest it neglect the need to tend to the domestic stability and restraint that had served it so well.
Nonetheless, in the short-run, India had added a new twist to the old rules. It had announced its cross-LoC raids without international objection and acted quickly to reassure both Pakistan and the outside world that it intended no further escalation. It had added this new twist using the very weapons that Pakistan, with its nuclear weapons and jihadis lacked—India’s diplomatic and economic strength. That it was able to do so was a product of multiple factors, many outside India’s control. Pakistan had failed to adjust to the more fertile environment for jihadis that emerged at the end of the Cold War and then to the international opposition to Islamist militants that coalesced after the September 11 attacks. After 2001, it had made the mistake of trying to take on India and the United States simultaneously. Preoccupied with its own domestic power struggles, and fixated on an ideology that required it to seek parity with India, Pakistan was blinded to the ways in which the world around it was changing. After their nuclear tests in 1998, the UN Security Council had issued a statement urging India and Pakistan “to avoid threatening military movements” and resume talks to remove tensions between them. “They were encouraged to find mutually acceptable solutions that address the root causes of those tensions, including Kashmir,” the Security Council said.19 By 2016, Kashmir had been dropped from the international agenda, while India’s announcement of what once would have been condemned as a threatening military movement had been greeted with sympathy and support. The progress India has made between 1998 and 2016 is a victory that has many fathers. In Pakistan, torn between blaming its external enemies and the “traitors” of its internal power struggle, defeat is an orphan.

P.S.: Surprisingly the Hard Back Edition was 4 time cheaper than Paperback, at Amazon.

My writers block

Writers block can be of different kind.

In last about one year, I am trying to write rather I am writing only to discard it later. Something right is not happening. It is a non fiction based on research but the idea is shrinking and expanding. First it was too big a project to cover. So I shrunk it and began afresh in September 2018 but only now to discover that  it is boring, just like all other books I compiled for law. Except that it not the law which is the topic, this time.

It dawns on to me that writing about law is the easiest thing to do. It is expected to be boring. Least of all, nobody expects a law-book to be gripping. It is so easy to compile under different topics, liberally use cut paste and the book is ready. Only research is time-consuming. Once research is complete, writing a law-book is the easiest part. As author, one could write and even if what is written is cumbersome to understand, author is never blamed. Every reader thinks that perhaps his/her IQ is not that good. [:)] Author gets no blame. How convenient.

However to write a non fiction which is gripping, free-flowing and which does not sound like a text-book, is a real challenge. At least for me. So after scrapping my third draft (1/3rd part actually), today, I am going to try to start again.

Why don’t I quit?

The idea did cross my mind. But I do not have any other challenge, at present. Having failed three times makes it even more attractive. There is nothing more attractive than poison and impossible.

There is no reason to quit. One year in waste is the price of learning curve. Hope I get it write this time. Wish me luck even if we do not believe in that. It is customary.

Does UK gives foreign aid to India and it is misused to build Statue of Unity?

Does UK gives foreign aid to India and it is misused to build Statue of Unity?

The aforesaid question  was raised in Quora and this was my answer (with few additions):

At the outset, please do stop sending money to India. As a matter of policy India stopped taking foreign aid two decades ago. But many Governments and agencies send money to NGO’s in India for specific projects. Not all money is spent on right purpose.

The biggest headache is the money sent for one purpose but used for CONVERSION to Christianity. Poor people allured by brute power of money start wearing cross and worshipping a deity of Jesus in place if traditional deity, not even knowing what it means. BTW the Jesus is often sitting in a YOGA posture.

In past few years GOI has cancelled accounts of 11000 such NGOs which had not filed the accounts of money received and expenditure thereof. But NGOs misreporting or cooking books are yet to be caught.

This was about aid to private agencies in India. Aid to a private agency is not the same as Government of India.

Why India doesn’t accept aid from foreign governments

India has refused to accept foreign aid for disasters since 2004, when a tsunami killed more than 10,000 people on its southeast coast. The government founded the Federal Emergency Management Agency in response to the incident, and vowed to clean things up on its own. Continue reading

Happy Deepawali 2018

My profound greeting and best wishes for a prosperous, safe and happy Diwali.

And best wishes for happy new year 2075 (svt.)

।। ऊँ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय ।।

।। श्री: कृपा ।।

अयं दीपावली महोत्सवः भवत्कृते भवत्परिवारकृते च क्षेमस्थैर्य आयुः आरोग्य ऐश्वर्य अभिवृद्घिकारकः भवतु अपि सकलदुःख निवृत्तिः प्रगतिः श्रीभगवत्प्राप्तिः च भवतु इति श्री चरणयो: प्रार्थयामि ।।

!! शुभं भवतु !!

!! दिपावल्याः हार्दिक शुभाशयाः !!

!! शुभ दिपावली !!

।।सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः सर्वे सन्तु निरामया।
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु मा कश्चित् दुःखभाग् भवेत्।।

सभी सुखी होवें, सभी रोगमुक्त रहें,
सभी मंगलमय घटनाओं के साक्षी बनें
किसी को भी दुःख का भागी न बनना पड़े।
इस दीपावली के शुभ अवसर पर सभी के उत्तम स्वास्थ्य की शुभकामनाओं के साथ आपके समस्त परिवार को …

*”शुभ दिपावली “*

The Crowd Suppliers: A Business hidden in plain sight.

A secret Business in India.

Crowd is to democracy what ink is to news papers. The news papers may not be main churning force in debates but but they have not seized to exist even if relegated to quite irrelevance. Something similar is about crowds. Democracies much less it’s elections can not be imagined without crowd gatherings and elections rallies and all the usual high decibel celebrations.

It is even more unimaginable in a democracy of 1.3 billions. Apart from elections, crowds are also required for protests, supports or dissent on the issues. It is the time tested old method which has worked for over century. Right?

So, from where does this crowd comes? Well in India, things have taken a turn for more than a decade. People who matter watch on television and decide and those who visit, they do not matter.

India, is always on election. First General (Federal) Elections. Than State Elections, Municipal Elections, Village Elections. It never ends. But what is seen in last few years that the crowd pulled in elections rallies had no proportion with Elections results. Those who lost elections, had equally packed grounds or perhaps only slightly less than the winner. So what makes this crowd?

Continue reading