Hinduism in a nut shell.

What is Hinduism:

Hinduism is a misnomer rather a colloquial term given by outsiders mainly Turkish and Arabs. Bharat i.e. India as it originally stood was separated from rest of the land by river Indu (later called Indus by English speaking people) in the West and Brahamaputra in the East. India was called by the name of river Indu. However, the Turkish & Arabic languages have no vowels & therefore they chose to speak Indu as Hindu. Thus, the term Hindu was coined. As a matter of fact the so called Hindus call all creatures on Earth as ‘Jeev’ and human beings as ‘Manav Jati’(human cast). The law governing Universe including human beings is called Sanatam Dharam.

Core Principles of Sanatam Dharama

According to Sanatam Dharam, the world exists between Pralay to Pralay. There are 4 yugyas called Satyug, Treta, Dwapar and Kalyug. Thereafter, the world destroys itself which is Pralay (a kind of cosmic catastrophe which destroys everything ) and the cycle starts again. In a way it is similar to the views of Stephen Hawking’s views on “Beginning of time.” Click on link to read his lecture on the subject.


When there was/is nothing, there existed a sound pronounced as Om. Om written in Devanagari (Hindi/Sanskrit) script is also a reverend Hindu symbol. Which is:

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Greed and Charity

Closeup of Vishnu, seated in the lotus positio...

Closeup of Vishnu, seated in the lotus position on a lotus. From depiction of the poet Jayadeva bowing to Vishnu, Gouache on paper Pahari, The very picture of devotion, bare-bodied, head bowed, legs crossed and hands folded, Jayadeva stands at left, with the implements of worship placed before the lotus-seat of Vishnu who sits there, blessing the poet. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

23rd AprilAkshaya Tritiya.

King Rishabhadeva alias Adinath is the first Tirthankara of the Jains. The Day of Akshay Tritiya is believed to be auspicious in Jainism.  Adinath gave up all worldly pleasures and chose to lead the life of an ascetic. An ascetic dwells at the mercy of God. They live on what is offered to them to sustain them. Adinath went around the city but people offered him everything except the food. After a long time his grand son Shreyansha Kumara, offered him sugarcane juice and thus Rishabhadeva/Adinath ended his fast  on this day called Akshaya Tritiya. Accordingly it is believed that religious gifts bestowed on Akshaya Tritiya become inexhaustible. It is believed that a person doing charity on this day will be blessed.

As per Hindu mythology this day is ruled by god Vishnu, the preserver-god in the Hindu Trinity of Brahma Vishnu Mahesh. This day is also believed to be birthday of the Hindu sage Parashurama, another Avatar incarnation of the god Vishnu. Further the Treta Yuga began and the river Ganges, the most sacred river of India, descended from heaven to the earth on this day.

The word “Akshaya” is in Sanskrit with means ‘Perpetual’ or  ‘Never diminishing’. The is auspicious for all most of the Karmas(actions) as it is believed to bring good luck and success.  It is therefore believed that an act performed or started on this day will continue forever. So every person, on this day has two options for action.

Unfortunately what the people do on this day, is to buy GOLD, under a belief that their possession of Gold would be perpetuated forever. Next time, if you want to know more about a practicing Hindu, ask him/her what he/she did on this day and you will know the bent of mind. Just do not tell that I told it.

© Sandeep Bhalla