India the home of largest democracy in India is no small achievement. An ex Election Commissioner called it the unrecorded Wonder of World. While the following statistics can not fathom the mammoth exercise taken by Election Commission of India in conducting Elections in India. There are four tier institutions which are elected two office. At bottom is elections to Gaon Sabha or Village Committee, second is elections to Local Bodies or Municipal Committee/Corporations third is State Government in each of 29 States in India and finally the Union Federal Government which is called as Central Government. The last two elections are conduction by Election Commission of India which is an independent Constitutional Institution with guaranteed tenure in office. As state earlier the story as to how these elections exercise is conducted is a vast subject but the result of the elections to the Central Government also reflect the statistics as to how different prominent parties fared in the 16 such elections which took place since independence.
Like England, India follows Westminster form of Parliamentary Government. The elections are conducted to elect members of Parliament to lower house called Lok Sabha (Peoples Council). The leader of the house is sworn as Prime Minister of India who with his cabinet, advises President of India, which advice is binding.
The result of the elections to the Central Government also reflect the statistics as to how different prominent parties fared in the 16 such elections which took place since independence. Following is a summary of the statistics of these elections, which is complied from various sources:
Election in 1951
The election for 1st Lok Sabha was an arduous task and it took around four months, between October 25, 1951 to February 21, 1952. The Indian National Congress was the largest political party in India at that time. Jawaharlal Nehru, the President of Indian National Congress (INC) in his election campaigning, approached about one tenth of India’s population, or 35 million people, by covering about 40,000 km while at campaign trail. Continue reading →
Elections process kick started today on the day of Ashtami, considered auspicious by most of Hindus, which is the 8th auspicious day of the celebrations of Navratra. India shall vote to elect the Union/Central Government in New Delhi. The Constitution of India is quasi-federal. In other words it is heavily biased in favour of Central/Union Government in terms of power. Every adult person is entitled to vote for the Government. This being Parliamentary form of Government, a representative from each constituency shall be elected and all elected representative shall form a Government. But that is only in principle.
Involvement of political parties with their legal power to whip the members of parliament to act in a certain way, makes the formation of Government, a mere formality if that particular party comes into power with majority seats in Parliament. However the larger question is: How electors elect the representatives? Continue reading →
‘World is not a perfect place’ is an understatement which can come not only from rich and effluent all over the world but also from middle class, comfortably settled in jobs, meals, sex and shelter without any apparent threat to most of it. Unaware of strife the billions suffering as subjects/citizens/guinea-pigs in a variety of situations. Most of educated people are unaware that presently one-third of land in the world is an active war zone. We live in comfort of ignorance shielded by our possessions and occupations, which may also include traveling to safe places. The last activity reinforcing the ‘belief’ of world being ‘just far enough’ from being perfect. This perception hardly requires any change in the world. But to those minuscule minority who can see and understand the way world is; the question of change is an inevitable reflection. Can the World change?Continue reading →