Greetings for 72nd Independence Day of India.
स्वतंत्रता दिवस की शुभकामनाय
Yesterday while Indians were celebrating Independence day in London, thousands of Sikhs protested outside in front of National Gallery situated near Trafalgar Square. There were seeking declaration of freedom of Punjab as an independent Khalistan. Demonstration was organised by Non-Indian Sikhs. Mostly those who had perhaps never even visited India. In response the Indians held their own demonstration singing nationalist songs, dances and of course waving of national flag, the Tricolour.
Has any one seen such a rally by Quebec, demanding independence fro Canada? Would London permit such rally at Trafalgar Square. Would Irish or Scots permitted to have such protest? I would seriously doubt it. Continue reading
India the home of largest democracy in India is no small achievement. An ex Election Commissioner called it the unrecorded Wonder of World. While the following statistics can not fathom the mammoth exercise taken by Election Commission of India in conducting Elections in India. There are four tier institutions which are elected two office. At bottom is elections to Gaon Sabha or Village Committee, second is elections to Local Bodies or Municipal Committee/Corporations third is State Government in each of 29 States in India and finally the Union Federal Government which is called as Central Government. The last two elections are conduction by Election Commission of India which is an independent Constitutional Institution with guaranteed tenure in office. As state earlier the story as to how these elections exercise is conducted is a vast subject but the result of the elections to the Central Government also reflect the statistics as to how different prominent parties fared in the 16 such elections which took place since independence.
Like England, India follows Westminster form of Parliamentary Government. The elections are conducted to elect members of Parliament to lower house called Lok Sabha (Peoples Council). The leader of the house is sworn as Prime Minister of India who with his cabinet, advises President of India, which advice is binding.
Following is a summary of the statistics of these elections, which is complied from various sources for some other work but it was a laborious exercise hence the same is shared here below.
The election for 1st Lok Sabha was an arduous task and it took around four months, between October 25, 1951 to February 21, 1952. The Indian National Congress was the largest political party in India at that time. Jawaharlal Nehru, the President of Indian National Congress (INC) in his election campaigning, approached about one tenth of India’s population, or 35 million people, by covering about 40,000 km while at campaign trail. Continue reading
Feudalism is defined as “dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord’s land and give him homage, labour, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection.”
And then came democracy, which in USA, was called ” Government by and of the people but also for the people”. But democracy is never considered most efficient way of governance but is chosed as it is least hostile to people.
But are we really there? I mean are we truly democratic? My guess is that democracy is a work in progress and there is always scope for improvement. Presently most countries are of indirect democracy which means that people select their representatives and it is presumed that actions of the representative is that of the people. The people can change the representative after a fixed term but can not interfere with the actions of representative before the end of term. Continue reading
In the land of epic Mahabharata, if elections were held today, Narendra Modi will lose next Government in North India. The epic Mahabharata, besides many other actors, is a tale of a blind king namely Dhratrashtra who besides being optically blind is also in blind love for his son Duryodhan. He agrees to every demand of son and eventually there is final battle of Kurushetra in which the King loses all his sons as also the kingdom. This is the shortest version of it.
The problem with history is that no one learns from history. Those who do are tremendously at peace. Apparently PM Modi is not taking any cue from history.