Akbar was born in Umarkot (Amarkot), a province in Sindh now in Pakistan. It’s local Language is Dhatki which is one of the Rajasthani languages of the Indo-Aryan language family. It is most closely related to Marwari language of Marwar India. Incidently the Umarkot, even today is ruled by a Hindu King i.e. Rana Hameer Singh Shoda. Here is an interview with him:
The biography of Akbar has been compiled by Vincent A. Smith and was published in 1917 by Oxford at the Clarendon Press. In this book (at page 333 onward) he has given details of taste and preferred cuisine of Akbar in these words:
Akbar was extremely moderate in his diet, taking but one substantial meal in the day, which was served when-ever he called for it, not at any fixed hour. The variety of dishes placed at his disposal was of course great, and they were presented with appropriate magnificence and elaborate precautions against poison.
- He cared little for flesh food, and gave up the use of it almost entirely in the later years of his life, when he came under Jain influence. The following sayings of his deal with the subject:
Elections in a democracy is a matter of relationship between voter/elector and the elected politician.
Like all relationships, it needs to be, created, nurtured and kindled from time to time. The star of 2019 elections is YSJR who won in Andhra Pradesh.
Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy, popularly known as YSR, was a two-time Chief Minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, serving from 2004 to 2009 and who died in 2009. He was member of Congress Party who was unceremoniously expelled from party.
Yeduguri Sandinti Jaganmohan Reddy, (YSJR) is the son of the former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy.
I recently concluded reading the book titled:
Defeat is an Orphan: How Pakistan Lost the Great South Asian War.
It is a succinct summary of Pakistan and it’s activities including it’s obsession with India. Written from a western perspective, it is particularly interesting as it eschews the wars before 1998 and starts with Kandahar hijacking. It has details of myths created by Pakistan around its various misadventures. A must read for any one interested in the subject. An excerpts about effect of ending of cold was and disintegration of USSR:
“While India had become more pragmatic and outward-looking, Pakistan had become more ideological and isolated. Pakistan had misread the collapse of the Soviet Union as having been caused by the anti-Soviet jihad in Afghanistan and evidence of the benefits of Islamist proxies. Unable to see beyond its immediate neighbourhood, it disregarded the many other causes of the collapse—the Soviet Union had been rotting from within for decades for reasons quite independent of Afghanistan. Pakistan’s backing for the Taliban and Pakistan-based groups fighting in Kashmir through the 1990s had also deepened its well of support for Islamist militancy. It increasingly presented itself as a champion of Muslims worldwide, defining the defence of everyone from Kashmiris to Palestinians as a matter of national interest. Saddam Hussein, whose 1990 invasion of Kuwait had been defeated by a US-led coalition, was seen as a hero.”
Another excerpt about recent surgical strikes by India on terrorist camp inside POK:
“Shortly before calling the media to the news conference, the foreign ministry circulated—via the same WhatsApp group—a White House statement on an overnight phone call between Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and his US counterpart Susan Rice. Condemning the Uri attack as “cross-border terrorism”; the Americans reiterated US demands that Pakistan take action against the Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed and reaffirmed “the robust US-India partnership”. It was one of the strongest official statements in favour of India ever from Washington, which for years had tried to balance pressure on Pakistan over its support for Islamist militants with quiet diplomacy to nudge Delhi on Kashmir. Notably it made no mention of Kashmir; nor called for India and Pakistan dialogue. The entire onus was on Pakistan to disarm its jihadi proxies. The US statement set India up well for the announcement at the media briefing, where the main speaker was, unusually, the Indian Army’s Director-General of Military Operations (DGMO). In an overnight operation, Lt-General Ranbir Singh said, the Indian Army had conducted “surgical strikes” against Pakistan-backed militants preparing to infiltrate into Indian Kashmir. These strikes on launch-pads along the LoC had inflicted “significant casualties”. India had no plans for further military operations, he added, and had already contacted the Pakistan Army to inform it formally of its action. The DGMO read his statement in English and Hindi, took no questions and saluted the media on his way out. Other military officials were on hand to tell journalists the Indian Army had crossed the LoC in several different places to target would-be infiltrators. For the first time since 1971, India had announced military action across the LoC.”
Generally concluding Para is a mystery in a fiction but in a non-fiction; it can entice interest. One may read the book as to how the author, namely Myra Macdonald, reached to following conclusion: Continue reading
Plagiarizing PhD from an old Book
Sterling Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi published a book in 1977 titled Jawaharlal Nehru and India’s Foreign Policy. It is authored by Yuri Nasenko. An ebook of the book is available at archive.org.
But then I came across a new website of Govt. of India as part of digital India program where all the research papers submitted to the Universities are uploaded. And here came a surprise. The most famous thesis in google search is plagiarized version from above book of Yuri Nasenko. This thesis is here.
The reference link is : http://hdl.handle.net/10603/107119
Thus Shri Nagendra Varthe under the guidance of Mallikarjuna K. Reddy at Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantpur received doctorate in 2015 in the subject of History by extensively plagiarizing from above book. The Guide was busy with something other than history. Such a pathetic attitude.
All the best.
But what is the point of creating shodhganga when there is no place for feed back? The Governments in India work so slow that it always behind a decades of expectation. Hope some day it will introduce the feedback feature, to check plagiarizing.