Plagiarizing PhD from an old Book
Sterling Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi published a book in 1977 titled Jawaharlal Nehru and India’s Foreign Policy. It is authored by Yuri Nasenko. An ebook of the book is available at archive.org.
But then I came across a new website of Govt. of India as part of digital India program where all the research papers submitted to the Universities are uploaded. And here came a surprise. The most famous thesis in google search is plagiarized version from above book of Yuri Nasenko. This thesis is here.
The reference link is : http://hdl.handle.net/10603/107119
Thus Shri Nagendra Varthe under the guidance of Mallikarjuna K. Reddy at Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantpur received doctorate in 2015 in the subject of History by extensively plagiarizing from above book. The Guide was busy with something other than history. Such a pathetic attitude.
All the best.
But what is the point of creating shodhganga when there is no place for feed back? The Governments in India work so slow that it always behind a decades of expectation. Hope some day it will introduce the feedback feature, to check plagiarizing.
An ode to a modest hero:
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25 Decemeber 1924 to 16 August 2018)
Ata Bihari Vajpayee founded Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) in 1980 and in 1984 BJP had just two members in Parliament. He was severely punished in 1980 and 1984 by public for joining/merging his older party Jan Sangh with Janta Party in 1977.
An orator at par, a poet, a statesman who was never afraid to pause in conversation and a person who loved good food will always be remembered for his affable nature.
Eventually in 1996 he became Prime Minister of India for 13 days. After fresh polls in 1998 he became Prime Minister for 11 months after which his Government fell for just one vote. In 1999 itself fresh polls were held and Atalji became Prime Minister for the third time till 2004. He was conferred India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee in 2015
The cradles of Civilizations
Though all cradles did not fructify into large cities yet the effort was made by humans at various places.
The cities, as we know, came into being only 5000 years back i.e. around 3000 BCE, as far as our discovery of ancient cities is so far made. Small settlements with or without buried corpses of earlier time period show that human civilization existed for far longer period and only thereafter developed enough technology to build big cities.
Small settlements are mostly from stone age and the cities show signs of metallurgical knowledge which was called as copper age. The places where human settlements of stone age were found are called cradles of civilisation for here human civilisation was in nascent stage from which it grew up later to adolescence age or copper age.
It may be noted that there are 84 ancient settlements of civilisations are listed in Encyclopedia Britannica. These are:
700,00 years settlement discovered in old lower Somme valley, in a suburb of Abbeville, France, existed prehistoric stone tool tradition with bifacial (hand axe) technology.
History of Treachery in India
Tryst with treachery in India is rather ancient. However at first, I will refer to two namely Jaichand and Mir Jafar. Have you ever met any person in India with identical name? No and never. Their treacherous conduct is too well known. However one name is not so notorious. He is Gulab Singh. People do name Gulab but reason is that his treachery is not too well known.
Jaichand is also spelled as Jai Chandra and has a wiki page devoted to him here. According to this page the betrayal of Jaichand is fictional. As if history is not fictional. As per another wiki page, Jaichand was king of Kannouj and there was no Prithviraj Chouhan.
As regards Mir Jafar, it is too recent to falsify. He is a character which is also part of French History. Mir Jafar, was the commander in the army of Nawab of Bengal Siraj-Ud-Daulah. He betrayed Siraj ud-Daulah to become the next Nawab. Thus after helping the British defeat Siraj ud-Daulah he became the new Nawab of Bengal in 1757 with military support from the British East India Company as a reward for his betrayal. Wiki page on Mir Jafar affirms this. Continue reading