English rendering of PM’s address to the nation dated 21st October 2020:
My dear countrymen!
We, all the Indians have come a long way in the fight against Corona, since the Janata curfew till today. With time, the economic activities also seem to have picked up gradually. Most of us are stepping out of our homes every day to discharge our responsibilities and to give momentum to life again. In this festive season, the hustle and bustle of the markets is gradually returning. But we must not forget that even though the lockdown has been lifted, the virus is still present. We must not allow the stable situation that India has been able to achieve in the last 7-8 months with the effort of every Indian to deteriorate. We have to improve further.
Today the recovery rate in the country has improved a lot and the fatality rate is low. In India, about 5500 people per 10 lakh population have contracted coronavirus, while in countries like America and Brazil, this figure is close to 25,000. In India, the death rate is 83 per 10 lakh people, while in many countries like America, Brazil, Spain and Britain, this figure is more than 600. India is succeeding in saving the lives of more and more of its citizens compared to the resource-rich countries of the world. Today, more than 90 lakh beds are available for Corona patients in our country. There are 12,000 Quarantine Centres. There are around 2000 labs for corona testing. The number of Tests conducted in the country will soon cross the 10 crore mark. The increasing number of tests has been a major strength in our fight against the Covid pandemic.
Our doctors, nurses, healthcare workers, security personnel and other people are serving such a large population selflessly following the mantra of ‘Seva Parmo Dharma’. Amidst all these efforts, this is not the time to be careless. This is not the time to assume that the corona is not there anymore, or that there is no danger from the corona now. In recent times, we have all seen various pictures and videos in which it is clear that many people have now stopped taking precautions, or have become too careless. This is not good at all. If you are careless and are walking out without a mask, then you are putting yourself, your family, your children, and the elderly in a lot of trouble. Keep in mind, be it America or the countries in Europe, Corona cases were declining in these countries, but suddenly the cases are increasing again, that too alarmingly.
Friends, Sant Kabirdas Ji has said- पकी खेती देखिके, गरब किया किसान। अजहूं झोला बहुत है, घर आवै तब जान। That means, often we become extremely confident that the work is done just by looking at the ripe crop. But till the harvest comes home, the work should not be considered accomplished. This is what Kabirdas has said. That is, do not be negligent until success is attained.
Until the vaccine against this virus is available, we must not let our fight with Corona weaken even for once. After several years we are seeing that the work is being done all over the world on a war footing to save humanity. Many countries are working towards it. Scientists of our country are also working hard for vaccine. Work is underway on several corona vaccines currently in India. Some of these are at advanced stages. The situation seems to be reassuring.
Maharashtra is India’s richest State. It is the 3rd most established urbanized state in India. Maharashtra’s GDP is ₹ 28.78 lakh crore (2019-20). Economy of State of Maharashtra can be compared with countries like Bangladesh and Pakistan because the GDP of Maharashtra and the economy of Maharashtra is more than these two countries. Maharashtra is considered the financial capital of India with the headquarters of almost all major banks, financial institutions, insurance companies and mutual funds being based in the city. With population of 120 million (12 Crore), Maharashtra has about 9% of India’s population and about 22% of total cases reported in India.
While schools are set to reopen in a limited way from next week in India, State of Maharashtra School Education Minister has announced that schools will not reopen before Diwali, as the Coronavirus cases continue to rise in the state. State Higher and Technical Education Minister UdaySamant also said his department does not intend to reopen colleges until the COVID-19 situation is under control.
Maharashtra on Sunday, reported 10,792 new Covid cases taking the total number of active cases to 2.21 lakhs. So far the Maharshtra is worst performing State in India with about 22% of total cases reported in India. 730 case fatalities have been reported in the past 24 hours. Of these, nearly 80% are concentrated in ten States/UT. More than 25% of new fatalities reported are from Maharashtra (187 deaths). When it comes to responding to the Corona virus of Wuhan, Maharashtra seems to be unable to lagging far behind the poorest States of India, the ubiquitous Bihar. Let us see some parameters.
Test per million
Patients remain infected for several weeks and months after being diagnosed with the corona virus and it is very difficult for experts to predict how long patients will feel fully healthy. Patients who have minor symptoms of infection soon recover from the disease, but elderly and severely infected patients sometimes take three to four months to recover.
The World Health Organization says that patients usually recover from two weeks to six weeks. According to a US study, 20 percent of patients with mild symptoms who were not hospitalized were those with symptoms of the disease at least two weeks after becoming infected.
According to a study conducted in Italy, 87 percent of the hospitalized patients had symptoms of infection, including fatigue and trouble breathing, even two months after being infected. Dr. Khalilah Gates, a specialist in lung diseases in Chicago, said that many of his patients still have symptoms of the disease four months after becoming infected.
He said that it is very difficult to tell when a patient will feel completely healthy. Infectious disease specialist Dr. Jay Warke said, “You may have recovered from a serious illness, but you have not necessarily recovered completely.”
Dementia like symptoms:
FnCas9 Editor Linked Uniform Detection Assay (FELUDA) for COVID-19:
This test assay is developed by CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi with Tata sons.
The assay uses a combination of CRISPR Cas9 biology and paper strip chemistry to produce a visible read-out of COVID-19 positive cases.
(Read more if you like technical terms)
New type of antibodies:
Snake antivenom is a medication made up of antibodies used to treat snake bites by venomous snakes. It is a type of antivenom. It is a biological product that typically consists of venom neutralizing antibodies derived from a host animal, such as a horse or sheep.
A similar technology is being applied for corona virus aka Covid 19.
Antibody derived from animals:
The Indian Council of Medical Research in collaboration with Biological E Company of Hyderabad, have developed purified antisera, raised in animals, as a prophylaxis and treatment for Corona Virus Covid-19.
Antiserum is blood-based serum containing antibodies against viruses.