English: Reetha (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Shampoos and soaps are aplenty. The marketing of shampoo is perhaps the biggest campaign of all others. However shampoos do not actually deliver what it promise. Furthermore shampoos marketed seems to be offering some kind of cure or treatment or medicine. At least there is no shampoo which does not say protein or nourishment. What about a person whose hairs are normal? Who just want to wash the hair and keep it away from chemicals? There is no such product. Seen many recipes on the net but none seem more simple or natural, than this one. There is a Berry which contains soap. It comes with many names but is available in Indian Subcontinent and China. It is called Reetha or Phenil in India. (See Pic.) It is a soapberry or soapnut. It contains a juice which is like soap. It may not generate lot of lather like shampoo but it effectively washes the oil and dirt from hair. It’s technical name is Sapindus mukorossi. More details can be found here. BTW the pick above is of dried Reetha and that is what is required. I do not know what to do with fresh soapberry.
1. Dried Reetha (SoapBerry/Phenil/Soapnut whatever name called)
2. Plain water
Soak about 10/12 soapberries in warm water for two days. (Of course water will cool down and no need to reheat it again)
After about two days the soapberries would turn soft. Now if we carefully squeeze, it will release dark brown color juice. Now there are two ways:
1. Squeeze all the Berries in water. Mix well. Throw away seeds and use water with fruit to rub on the hair and bathing etc. OR
2. Take few berries, after squeezing open, use directly on hair. Add its water as may be required.
Either way result is same. It will take some practice and it would be perfect. This is the most simple natural hair wash or bathing soap recipe. No herbal shampoo comes without the Reetha or above SoapBerry. Due to hand problem, I did not use it for two months and now I was scratching my head for many days.
This solution can not be kept for more than a fortnight as it starts to develop fungus. I have to find out if Ascetic Acid (Vinegar) is not bad for hair, it may be added for longer shelf life. But why bother. Fresh is fine.
© Sandeep Bhalla
SORAFENIB OR TIVOZANIB: Price war begins too early.
Sorafenib is the standard drug for treatment of kidney and liver cancer but like all drugs it has its own complications. Now there is a new drug around the corner. It is called Tivozanib. While the former is able to inhibit VEGF receptor 2 & 3, the letter can inhibit all three receptors. It is stated that Tivozanib is the next generation drug which would soon replace Sorafenib.
Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd. and AVEO Oncology confirmed today that tivozanib, a novel once-daily oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), successfully achieved its primary endpoint and demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survof the CIPLA, really has no clue about the competitive drug business.ival (PFS) with 11.9 months compared to a median PFS of 9.1 months for sorafenib in the overall (Intention to Treat) population (HR=0.797, 95% CI 0.639–0.993; p=0.042).1 Importantly, tivozanib also demonstrated a favourable safety profile, consistent with prior analyses.1 (Source: http://finance.yahoo.com/news/astellas-aveo-tivozanib-successfully-demonstrates-220000099.html)
So what you expect from a shrewd businessman? 1. He would cut the cost and get rid of his stock of sorafenib before the new drug (tivozanib) takes over. 2. He would start selling sorafenib at one fourth the price so that, the price factor, which is very important in a poverty ridden country like India, would ensure that the old drug would be preferred over the new drug. Viola CIPLA does it:
CIPLA …. announced it was slashing prices of its cancer drugs by as much as 75% in India. The company makes a generic version of Nexavar, a brand name cancer drug, used to treat certain types of kidney and liver cancer. Earlier, it sold it for Rs28,000 for a monthly dose. Now, CIPLA says it will sell the same at Rs. 6,840, cheaper than even the price offered by NATCO, another Indian generic drugmaker. The original branded drug costs Rs 2.84 lakh a month. (Source: http://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/column_the-man-who-made-cancer-drugs-affordable-and-made-millions_1685381)
The only causality is journalism. The reporter who is hailing the owner of the CIPLA as HERO, really has no clue about the competitive drug business.
© Sandeep Bhalla
Traditions in any country established over a long period of time require careful study. Discarding traditions by merely ignoring it is not the best way to move forward.
Tulasi Katte is found in front of many houses of Hindus. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
In India a plant named TULSI or Ocimum sanctum or Holy basil is revered by traditional women as divine deity which will protect her household and husband. Its presence is common almost every household in Northern India. However what is not remembered that it is an important herb which can easily treat common day ailments and if consumed regularly over a long period of time may induce immunity and acts as anti-oxidant. Since this plant is a weed like, it requires nothing except little sun and lots of water.
It is unfortunate that we are losing this tradition of keeping such herbal/medicinal plant in homes which is readily available for treatment of common cough and cold at the change of weather. It is particularly effective in cold if combined with mint leaves and in cough if combined with ginger. It can be applied to forehead either whole leaves or paste, to relieve headache.
There is a post advocating its various benefits and selling dried Tulsi tea leaves. I do not sponsor these sites but we may read it for other information: http://hinduism.about.com/od/ayurveda/a/tulsibenefits.htm and http://ayurveda-foryou.com/ayurveda_herb/tulsi.html. I am certain that green leaves are always more effective than dried/treated leaves.
Above is the picture of Tulsi (Holy Basil) leaves. A young plant with young leaves, is yet to bloom. After blooming its leaves would start to remain curved at the edges. This plant grows rather easily from seeds.
© Sandeep Bhalla.