League of Nations

Demise of League of Nations

Caption:The Gap in the Bridge. Cartoon about t...

Caption:The Gap in the Bridge. Cartoon about the absence of the USA from the League of Nations, depicted as the missing keystone of the arch. The cigar also symbolizes America (Uncle sam) enjoying its wealth (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

League of Nations was founded, after second world war, so that their would be no war in future. Representation at the League was often a problem. Though it was intended to encompass all nations, many never joined, or their time as part of the League was short. The most conspicuous absence was the United States. President Woodrow Wilson had been a driving force behind the League’s formation and strongly influenced the form it took, but the US Senate voted not to join on 19 November 1919

The onset of the Second World War demonstrated that the League had failed in its primary purpose, the prevention of another world war. There were a variety of reasons for this failure, many connected to general weaknesses within the organization. Additionally, the power of the League was limited by the United States’ refusal to join.

On 23 June 1936, in the wake of the collapse of League efforts to restrain Italy’s war against Abyssinia, British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin told the House of Commons that collective security had “failed ultimately because of the reluctance of nearly all the nations in Europe to proceed to what I might call military sanctions … The real reason, or the main reason, was that we discovered in the process of weeks that there was no country except the aggressor country which was ready for war … [I]f collective action is to be a reality and not merely a thing to be talked about, it means not only that every country is to be ready for war; but must be ready to go to war at once. That is a terrible thing, but it is an essential part of collective security.”

The final meeting of the League of Nations was held on 12 April 1946 in Geneva with delegates from 34 nations attended the assembly. This session concerned itself with liquidating the League: assets worth approximately US$22,000,000 in 1946, including the Palace of Peace and the League’s archives, were given to the UN, reserve funds were returned to the nations that had supplied them, and the debts of the League were settled. (Extracts from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations#CITEREFNorthedge1986 and http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/leagueofnations.htm)

The League died on this day in 1946. Long live the United Nations. But after 66 years of its existence, is the situation any better today? After invasion of Iraq by USA and its allies under alleged authority of UN resolution 1441, the credibility of UN is all time low. Who is monitoring the world UN of USA? If UN has to produce any results to save humanity from stupid wars, it needs to re-invent itself otherwise doom is written on its future.

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